Macro Photography is photography producing photographs of small items larger than life size. Macro photography is an intoxicating study, to be able to see into the world of the small and make a photograph that is not easily visible to the naked eye is very rewarding.
This type of photography gives you a new appreciation for the world, finding beauty in a discoloured leaf or the insects that maintain our delicate eco system. Turning otherwise mundane subjects into potential master pieces.
Most cameras have a macro mode on them allowing you to get a little bit closer to your subject revealing the otherwise invisible details or what is around you. Or you can delve into the land of the little with specialist macro photography equipment.
Reversal rings will allow you to use a lens backwards on your camera, sounds weird right? But this reverse optics solution permits you to get incredibly close indeed and is a cheap starting point. You can also use extension rings that increase the magnification of your lenses (at the expense of a few stops of light). And the obvious choice would be a macro lens that is manufactured to allow much closer focusing than a normal lens.
Where the real challenge comes is in making the image recorded on the sensor the same size or greater than the subject really is. Some lenses record their subjects on the cameras sensor at a ratio of 1:2, this means the subject is projected onto the sensor half of life size, 1:1 is true macro where your subject is actual life size on the sensor. Some lenses record at 2:1 making for the subject to be double life size on the sensor. Images captured with kit like this are truly stunning. A lens like this is defiantly on my GAS list. But whatever you have, try it out, stop and look at the little things in life, because its those that really make the difference.